The information vacuum in the broad masses was replaced by information
transmitted through interpersonal channels, mostly fragmentary and
distorted. As a result, the vast majority of the population
there was no clear idea of the purpose of the war, its necessity,
the nature of the difficulties experienced by the country. This seriously weakened the unity.
population and state authorities opened up the possibility for
different from the official approaches to the relationship of the people and government in
Almost the only source to evaluate anti-autocratic
sentiments in the province serve as court cases against persons who have offended
sovereign or members of the imperial family. In the funds of the regional archive
there are several dozen such cases relating to the period of the world
wars1 The paradox is that most of them were discontinued at
unproven crime. Often cases were brought up by false
the prosecution (resulting from the applicant’s personal dislike of the accused).
However, as a significant side of these cases, it can be noted that in
as a pretext to hold your opponent accountable
a doubt attributed to him in Russia’s military superiority over
opponents, the possibility of her victory. This circumstance again
indicates a prominent place in the public consciousness of victory
like value. Indirectly this confirms the underdevelopment of anti-war
sentiment in the mass consciousness.
The unrepresented view of war prevailed among the people as
spontaneous phenomenon, the closest analogue of which is an epidemic. Everything, that
went beyond the boundaries of the community and the parish, in the eyes of the peasants had its
independent origin did not depend on their will. Superior quality
the common man in crisis conditions became patience. Similar
the installation allowed to abstract from the essence of the events around.
This is probably why for most of the world war the authorities did not expect from below the demands of its termination. Giving up
War of the masses occurred only after the revolution. He became
the main content of the development of the revolutionary process.
The level of confrontation between the masses and the authorities can be important
criterion for the folding of a revolutionary situation. Cumulative analysis
sources of different origin show that the mass of the people is still
habitually passively perceived power. Revolutionary and labor movement
in the province could not play the role of force opposing the massive
moods. Liberal party periphery was absent, social
the base of all political movements remained very narrow.
With the outbreak of World War II, local governments quickly became
to lose the accumulated prestige of the population dissatisfied
self-government activities to address pressing issues. In the same time
in the center, there was talk about the growing popularity of self-governing bodies and their
associations. In this context, the idea of the Zemsky way of development
Russia as a real alternative to the events of October 1917 can be called